Researchers generate a remodeled live-attenuated measles vaccine capable of driving nAb responses against SARS-CoV-2 spike protein

In a recent study posted to bioRxiv*, researchers developed a measles virus (MeV)-vectored vaccine capable of inducing high neutralizing antibody (nAb) responses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Study: Surface-modified measles vaccines encoding oligomeric, fusion-stabilized SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoproteins bypass measles seropositivity, boosting neutralizing antibody responses to omicron and historical variants. Image Credit: Kateryna … Read more

Novel prefusion S antigen designed by the mutation of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein’s trimeric structure

In a recent study posted to the bioRxiv* server, researchers mutated the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike (S) protein’s trimeric structure to design a novel prefusion S antigen, S2D14. Study: Structural and Computational Design of a SARS-2 Spike Antigen with Increased Receptor Binding Domain Exposure and Improved Immunogenicity. Image Credit: creativeneko/Shutterstock Background … Read more

Cryo-electron tomography helps visualize platelet deformation due to SARS-CoV-2 spike protein

In a recent study posted to the bioRxiv* preprint server, researchers used cellular cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) to demonstrate the role of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike (S) protein in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-triggered severe coagulopathies. Study: Direct Cryo-ET observation of platelet deformation induced by SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein. Image Credit: Sergejs Pintis/Shutterstock Background … Read more

Novel mRNA vaccines encoding monkeypox virus proteins show promise in preclinical studies

In a recent study posted to the bioRxiv* preprint server, researchers in China demonstrated the efficacy of three messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) technology-based Monkeypox virus (MPXV) vaccines in combating a lethal Vaccinia virus (VACV) challenge in mice models. Study: Novel mRNA vaccines encoding monkeypox virus M1R and A35R protect mice from a lethal virus challenge. … Read more

Structure-directed mutagenesis produces thermostable SARS-CoV-2 spike protein trimers with potential vaccine booster applications

In a recent study posted to the bioRxiv* preprint server, a team of researchers investigated the change in the stability, antigenicity, and protein expression of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein trimer using structure-directed mutagenesis to alter a cavity in the core of the spike protein. Study: Enhanced stability of the … Read more

Proteomics approach helps identify protein signatures that can improve detection of prediabetes

Scientists have used a proteomics approach to identify a three-protein signature in the blood that can improve detection of isolated impaired glucose tolerance, a form of prediabetes. The research, led by scientists from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Epidemiology Unit at the University of Cambridge, UK, and Berlin Institute of Health at Charité, Germany, is … Read more

Study indicates that the major determinants of SARS-CoV-2 pathogenicity reside outside of the spike protein

In a recent study posted to the bioRxiv* server, researchers at Boston University made a chimeric recombinant severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) encoding the spike(S) glycoprotein gene of Omicron in the backbone of an ancestral SARS-CoV-2 isolate. Study: Role of spike in the pathogenic and antigenic behavior of SARS-CoV-2 BA.1 Omicron. Image Credit: … Read more