Indication of a personality trait in dairy calves and its link to weight gain through automatically collected feeding behaviours

  • Réale, D., Reader, SM, Sol, D., McDougall, PT & Dingemanse, NJ Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution. Biol. Rev. 82291–318 (2007).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Kaiser, MI & Müller, C. What is an animal personality?. Biol. Philos. 361 (2021).

    Google Scholar

  • Sih, A., Bell, A. & Johnson, JC Behavioral syndromes: An ecological and evolutionary overview. Trends Ecol. Evol. 19372–378 (2004).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Gosling, SD From mice to men: What can we learn about personality from animal research?. Psychol. Bull. 12745–86 (2001).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Biro, PA & Stamps, JA Are animal personality traits linked to life-history productivity?. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23361–368 (2008).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Koolhaas, J.M. Coping style and immunity in animals: Making sense of individual variation. Brain Behav. Immun. 22662–667 (2008).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Reale, D. et al. Personality and the emergence of the pace-of-life syndrome concept at the population level. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 3654051–4063 (2010).

    Google Scholar

  • Stamps, JA Growth-mortality tradeoffs and ‘personality traits’ in animals. Ecol. Lett. 10355–363 (2007).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Finkemeier, MA, Langbein, J. & Puppe, B. Personality research in mammalian farm animals: Concepts, measures, and relationship to welfare. Front Vet. Sci. 10(5), 355–363 (2018).

    Google Scholar

  • Murphy, E., Nordquist, RE & van der Staay, FJ A review of behavioral methods to study emotion and mood in pigs. Suss. Scrofa. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci 1599–28 (2014).

    Google Scholar

  • Lauber, MCY, Hemsworth, PH & Barnett, JL The effects of age and experience on behavioral development in dairy calves. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 9941–52 (2006).

    Google Scholar

  • Neave, HW, Costa, JHC, Weary, DM & von Keyserlingk, MAG Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci. 1017437–7449 (2018).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Foris, B., Zebunke, M., Langbein, J. & Melzer, N. Evaluating the temporal and situational consistency of personality traits in adult dairy cattle. PLOS ONE 13e0204619 (2018).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Dingemanse, NJ & Dochtermann, NA Quantifying individual variation in behaviour: Mixed-effect modeling approaches. J. Anim. Ecol. 8239–54 (2013).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Dingemanse, NJ, Kazem, AJN, Réale, D. & Wright, J. Behavioural reaction norms: Animal personality meets individual plasticity. Trends Ecol. Evol. 2581–89 (2010).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Nakagawa, S. & Schielzeth, H. Repeatability for Gaussian and non-Gaussian data: A practical guide for biologists. Biol. Rev. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2010.00141.x (2010).

    Article PubMed Google Scholar

  • Bell, AM, Hankison, SJ & Laskowski, KL The repeatability of behaviour: A meta-analysis. Anim. Behav. 77771–783 (2009).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Neave, HW, Costa, JHC, Benetton, JB, Weary, DM & von Keyserlingk, MAG Individual characteristics in early life relate to variability in weaning age, feeding behavior, and weight gain of dairy calves automatically weaned based on solid feed intake. J. Dairy Sci. 10210250–10265 (2019).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Berckmans, D. Precision livestock farming technologies for welfare management in intensive livestock systems. Rev. Sci. Tech. OIE 33189–196 (2014).

    Google Scholar

  • Carslake, C., Vázquez-Diosdado, JA & Kaler, J. Machine learning algorithms to classify and quantify multiple behaviors in dairy calves using a sensor: Moving beyond classification in precision livestock. Sensors 2188 (2020).

    ADS PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Hertel, AG, Niemelä, PT, Dingemanse, NJ & Mueller, T. A guide for studying among-individual behavioral variation from movement data in the wild. Mov. Ecol. 8(1), 1–18 (2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Occhiuto, F., Vázquez-Diosdado, JA, Carslake, C. & Kaler, J. Personality and predictability in farmed calves using movement and space-use behaviors quantified by ultra-wideband sensors. R. Soc. Open Sci. 9212019 (2022).

    ADS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Carslake, C., Occhiuto, F., Vázquez-Diosdado, JA & Kaler, J. Repeatability and predictability of calf feeding behaviors—quantifying between- and within-individual variation for precision livestock farming. Front. Vet. Sci. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.827124 (2022).

    Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Tolkamp, ​​BJ & Kyriazakis, I. To split behavior into bots, log-transform the intervals. Anim. Behav. 57807–817 (1999).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Houslay, TM & Wilson, AJ Avoiding the misuse of BLUP in behavioral ecology. Behav. Ecol. 28948 (2017).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • R Core Team. R. Preprint at (2021).

  • Bürkner, P.-C. Advanced bayesian multilevel modeling with the R package brms. RJ 10395 (2018).

    Google Scholar

  • Dancey, CP & Reidy, J. Statistics without maths for psychology (Pearson education, 2007).

    Google Scholar

  • von Keyserlingk, MAG, Brusius, L. & Weary, DM Competition for teats and feeding behavior by group-housed dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci. 874190–4194 (2004).

    Google Scholar

  • Fraley, RC & Roberts, BW Patterns of continuity: A dynamic model for conceptualizing the stability of individual differences in psychological constructs across the life course. Psychol. Rev. 11260–74 (2005).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Ashcroft, J., Semmler, C., Carnell, S., van Jaarsveld, CHM & Wardle, J. Continuity and stability of eating behavior traits in children. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 62985–990 (2008).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Neave, HW, Costa, JHC, Weary, DM & von Keyserlingk, MAG Long-term consistency of personality traits of cattle. R. Soc. Open Sci. 7191849 (2020).

    ADS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Müller, R. & von Keyserlingk, MAG Consistency of flight speed and its correlation to productivity and to personality in Bos taurus beef cattle. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 99193–204 (2006).

    Google Scholar

  • Neja, W., Sawa, A., Jankowska, M., Bogucki, M. & Krężel-Czopek, S. Effect of the temperament of dairy cows on lifetime production efficiency. Arch. Anim. Breed 58193–197 (2015).

    Google Scholar

  • Haskell, MJ, Simm, G. & Turner, SP Genetic selection for temperament traits in dairy and beef cattle. Front Gene. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2014.00368 (2014).

    Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Whalin, L., Neave, HW, Føske Johnsen, J., Mejdell, CM & Ellingsen-Dalskau, K. The influence of personality and weaning method on early feeding behavior and growth of Norwegian red calves. J. Dairy Sci. 1051369–1386 (2022).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Dammhahn, M., Dingemanse, NJ, Niemelä, PT & Réale, D. Pace-of-life syndromes: A framework for the adaptive integration of behaviour, physiology and life history. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 72(3), 1–8 (2018).

    Google Scholar

  • Kelly, DN et al. Large variability in feeding behavior among crossbred growing cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 981–10 (2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Neave, HW, Weary, DM & von Keyserlingk, MAG Review: Individual variability in feeding behavior of domesticated ruminants. Animal 12S419–S430 (2018).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • DeVries, TJ, von Keyserlingk, MAG, Weary, DM & Beauchemin, KA Measuring the feeding behavior of lactating dairy cows in early to peak lactation. J. Dairy Sci. 863354–3361 (2003).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Kelly, D. N., Sleator, R. D., Murphy, C. P., Conroy, S. B. & Berry, D. P. Phenotypic and genetic associations between feeding behavior and carcass merit in crossbred growing cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 99skab285 (2021).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Weary, DM, Huzzey, JM & von Keyserlingk, MAG Board-invited review: Using behavior to predict and identify ill health in animals. J. Anim. Sci. 87770–777 (2009).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Carter, AJ, Feeney, WE, Marshall, HH, Cowlishaw, G. & Heinsohn, R. Animal personality: What are behavioral ecologists measuring? Biol. Rev. 88465–475 (2013).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Biro, PA Do rapid assays predict repeatability in labile (behavioral) traits?. Anim Behav 831295–1300 (2012).

    Google Scholar

  • Percie du Sert, N. et al. Reporting animal research: Explanation and elaboration for the ARRIVE guidelines 20. Plos Biol. 18e3000411 (2020).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Leave a Comment