How does fatty liver disease affect the brain? Study reveals

The latest study has examined the link between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and brain dysfunction. It was revealed that an accumulation of fat in the liver causes a decrease in oxygen to the brain and inflammation of the brain tissue, both of which have been proven to lead to the onset of severe brain diseases.

Scientists at the Roger Williams Institute of Hepatology, affiliated with King’s College London and the University of Lausanne, discovered the link between NAFLD and brain dysfunction, according to the news agency ANI.

Approximately, NAFLS affects around 25% of the population and more than 80% of morbidly obese people, according to the research.

Several studies have reported the negative effects of an unhealthy diet and obesity can have on brain function, however, this is believed to be the first study that clearly links NAFLD with brain deterioration and identifies a potential therapeutic target.

The research involved feeding two different diets to mice, in which half of the mice consumed a diet with no more than 10% fat in their calorie intake, while the other half’s calorie intake contained 55% fat; intended to resemble a diet of processed foods and sugary drinks, as per ANI reports.

After 16 weeks, researchers conducted a series of tests to compare the effects of these diets on the body and, more specifically, on the liver and the brain. They found that all mice consuming the higher levels of fat were considered obese, and developed NAFLD, insulin resistance, and brain dysfunction.

It also showed that the brain of mice with NAFLD suffered from lower oxygen levels because the disease affects the number and thickness of the brain blood vessels, which deliver less oxygen to the tissue, but also due to specific cells consuming more oxygen while the brain is becoming inflamed. These mice were also more anxious and showed signs of depression.

By comparison, the mice consuming the healthy diet did not develop NAFLD or insulin resistance, they behaved normally, and their brain was completely healthy.

Dr. Anna Hadjihambi, sub-team lead in the Liver-Brain Axis group at the Roger Williams Institute of Hepatology and honorary lecturer at King’s College London said, “It is very concerning to see the effect that fat accumulation in the liver can have on the brain.” , especially because it often starts off mild and can exist silently for many years without people knowing they have it.

“Identifying MCT1 as a key element in the development of both NAFLD and its associated brain dysfunction opens interesting perspectives,” said Professor Luc Pellerin, director of the Inserm U1313 research unit at the University of Poitiers in France and senior researcher in the study, ANI. reported.

Dr. Hadjihambi added, “This research emphasizes that cutting down the amount of sugar and fat in our diets is not only important for tackling obesity, but also for protecting the liver to maintain brain health and minimizing the risk of developing conditions such as depression and dementia during aging.” , when our brain becomes even more fragile.”

(With ANI input)

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